Monday, March 2, 2009

4. "The breath of life"

Genesis 2:7 ~

"And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul" (King James Version)

INTERPRETATION: God is the origin, creator and cause of mind and body qualities of each created being (matter, plants, animals, and humans) of the universe, as "Pattern #2-Mind and Body" reveals in the table below:

The human mind integrates all invisible aspects of the mind qualities, including, but not limited to:
  • mind
  • spirit mind
  • flesh mind
  • soul
  • heart
  • conscience
  • desires
  • thoughts
  • intellect
  • emotions
  • will

Mind and body are the primary aspects of any being and its identity as masculine or feminine is secondary. An individual is first a person, a child of God, and secondarily a man or a woman. As the origin, God is the standard for harmony and oneness between mind and body qualities.

Below, we take a closer look at the mind and body trademark imprinted in each created being of the universe (1-matter, 2-plants, 3-animals, 4-humans):

1 - MATTER (Mind and Body):
The matter mind: The mind of matter is revealed in the nature of chemical bonds - indisputable evidence of an invisible, intelligent designer controlling particles of matter. A chemical bond is the physical process responsible for the attractive interactions between atoms and molecules, and that which confers stability to diatomic and polyatomic chemical compounds. In general, strong chemical bonding is associated with the sharing or transfer of electrons between the participating atoms. Molecules, crystals, and diatomic gases—indeed most of the physical environment around us—are held together by chemical bonds, which dictate the structure of matter.
The world's only 2 time unshared Nobel Prize winner, Dr. Linus Pauling, stated "You can trace every sickness, every disease and every ailment to a mineral deficiency." Dr. Linus Pauling practiced this personally and lived to the age of 93 (Feb 28, 1901 - Aug 19, 1994). He was awarded a Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the nature of chemical bonds, and the Nobel Peace Prize for his work against nuclear testing. Linus Pauling was considered to be the father of molecular biology, implementing the science of Quantum Mechanics with that of biology. In the video below, Dr. Linus Pauling explains how he discovered the alpha helix structure in protein molecules:

The body of matter is made of atoms and molecules. A definition of "matter" that is based upon its physical and chemical structure is: matter is what atoms and molecules are made of, meaning anything made of protons, neutrons, and electrons. This definition is consistent with the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures definition of "amount of substance," but is more specific about the constituents of matter (and unconcerned about the unit mole).

As an example of matter under this definition, genetic information is carried by a long molecule called DNA, which is copied and inherited across generations. It is matter under this definition because it is made of atoms, not by virtue of having mass or occupying space. The DNA molecule, an example of matter under the "atoms and molecules" definition, is diagrammed below with hydrogen bonds shown as dotted lines:

2 - PLANTS (Mind and Body):

The plant mind. The following video reveals that plants have a mind, memory, and and react to human emotion.

The plant body is made of cells. Animals, plants, fungi, and protists are eukaryotes (IPA: /juːˈkærɪɒt/ or IPA: /-oʊt/), organisms whose cells are organized into complex structures enclosed within membranes. The defining membrane-bound structure that differentiates eukaryotic cells from prokaryotic cells is the nucleus. The presence of a nucleus gives these organisms their name, which comes from the Greek ευ (eu), meaning "good/true," and κάρυον (karyon), "nut." Many eukaryotic cells contain other membrane-bound organelles such as mitochondria, chloroplasts and Golgi bodies. A typical plant cell is illustrated below:

click to enlarge

3 - ANIMALS (Mind and Body):

The Animal mind. Sarah is an enculturated research chimpanzee whose cognitive skills are documented in The Mind of an Ape, by David Premack and Ann James Premack (1983). Sarah was one of nine chimpanzees in David Premack's psychology laboratory in Pennsylvania. Sarah was born in Africa in 1962. She first worked in Missouri, then in Santa Barbara, and then Pennsylvania. She first was exposed to language token training in 1967.

Sarah was the subject, along with 3 other chimpanzees who were exposed to language token training. One of the chimpanzees failed to learn a single word. But Sarah, Elizabeth and Peony were able to parse and also produce streams of tokens which obeyed a grammar.

In another demonstration of the animal mind, enjoy dolphins playing with bubble rings in the video below:

The animal body is made of cells. An animal cell is a form of eukaryotic cell that makes up many tissues in animals. The animal cell is distinct from other eukaryotes, most notably plant cells, as they lack cell walls and chloroplasts, and they have smaller vacuoles. Due to the lack of a rigid cell wall, animal cells can adopt a variety of shapes, and a phagocytic cell can even engulf other structures.

There are many different cell types. For instance, there are approximately 210 distinct cell types in the adult human body.

A typical animal cell is illustrated below:

click to enlarge

4 - HUMANS (Mind and Body):

The human mind. The following 3 videos reveal fascinating views about the human mind as follow:

  1. A hologram view of the mind, body and universe
  2. Vilayanur Ramachandran on the mind and body
  3. A Russian woman who allegedly moves objects with her mind
#1 - A hologram view of the mind, body and universe

#2 - Vilayanur Ramachandran on the mind and body

#3 - A russian woman who allegedly moves objects with her mind

The human body is made of cells
. In the viviparous animals (which include humans and all other placental mammals), the ovum is fertilized inside the female body, and the embryo then develops inside the uterus, receiving nutrition directly from the mother.

The ovum is the largest cell in the human body, typically visible to the naked eye without the aid of a microscope or other magnification device. The human ovum measures between 100 and 200 µm in diameter.

A sperm cell fusing with an ovum is displayed in the picture below:

There are approximately 210 distinct cell types in the adult human body.

The origin of the eukaryotic cell was a milestone in the evolution of life, since they include all complex cells and almost all multi-cellular organisms. The timing of this series of events is hard to determine; Knoll (2006) suggests they developed approximately 1.6 - 2.1 billion years ago. Some acritarchs are known from at least 1650 million years ago, and the possible alga Grypania has been found as far back as 2100 million years ago. Fossils that are clearly related to modern groups start appearing around 1.2 billion years ago, in the form of a red alga.

A phylogenetic tree or evolutionary tree is a tree showing the evolutionary relationships among various biological species or other entities that are believed to have a common ancestor. A Phylogenetic tree showing the relationship between the eukaryotes and other forms of life is shown in the picture below. Eukaryotes are colored red, archaea green and bacteria blue:

Eukaryotes are closely related to Archaea, at least in terms of nuclear DNA and genetic machinery, and some place them with Archaea in the clade Neomura. In other respects, such as membrane composition, they are similar to eubacteria. Three main explanations for this have been proposed:

  1. Eukaryotes resulted from the complete fusion of two or more cells, wherein the cytoplasm formed from a eubacterium, and the nucleus from an archaeon, or from a virus.
  2. Eukaryotes developed from Archaea, and acquired their eubacterial characteristics from the proto-mitochondrion.
  3. Eukaryotes and Archaea developed separately from a modified eubacterium.